Wednesday, April 16, 2014

Green Multan project to get 200,000 Trees

Dean of Diplomatic Corps and Ambassador of Argentina to Pakistan Rodolfo Martin Saravia on Tuesday said 200,000 trees would be planted at Nishtar Medical Institute (NMI) under the Green Multan project.
He was talking to newsmen after a briefing at the Committee Room of the NMI.
He said Green Nishtar was a pilot project under the Green Multan project launched by the envoy at Nishtar Medical College by planting ficus retuse. He said they would continue the campaign in the city to give the city a ‘green look’.
He said it was important to invest in eco-friendly programmes.
He said the hospital cared for about 2,000 patients daily and had a campus for education of doctors and nurses attached to it. He said it was important for the facility to be green.
Earlier, briefing the envoy, Principal NMI Dr Samee Akhtar said that they were honoured to have first tree plantation campaign at the campus.
Established in 1951, he said the NMI was among several beautiful campuses in Pakistan.
He said 47,000 surgeries had been conducted at the hospital last year and 1,630 MBBS students were being trained at the institute.

Saturday, April 12, 2014

Milk proteins mean healthy life

 Aneela Hameed, Raheel Suleman & Saeed Akhtar

Milk has truly been considered as nature's single most complete food and we can never deny the significance of milk because it contributes essential nutrients in considerable amounts than any other single food. If we consider milk as a food, it fulfills the requirements in broad prospectus: (a) growth, (b) reproduction, (c) supply of energy, (d) maintenance and repair and (e) appetite satisfaction. The need of these groups can vary person to person, and in some cases not all the stated functions of the food need to be served, e.g. adults no longer require food for growth whereas infants do.
As a nutritional point of view, the functions of a food are served particularly through the different vital components, consisting of carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, minerals, vitamins and water. Milk is a wonderful source of calcium and phosphorus for the growth of bones and teeth, and it also contains riboflavin, vitamins B6, A, B1 and B12 (antipernicious anaemia vitamin) in considerable amounts.
Proper nourishment plays an imperative role for achieving physique and fitness objectives. When the body is physically pushed, the demand for protein can considerably increases; this increased demand can make it unwieldy to meet protein needs. From studies, it has been confirmed that milk proteins have importance over vegetable proteins in terms of promoting muscle hypertrophy after hectic trainings. Animal milk proteins have ability to promote muscle protein synthesis to some extent through activation of the mammalian target of rapamycin pathway and they are considered as complete proteins.
Milk proteins are important components of milk; they play significant role in many functions in human body and are of great therapeutic value as well. When we consume a protein source, our body utilized the 20 amino acids (key components of “protein”) to repair our bones, muscles, organs and almost every body part and tissue in the human body. Milk proteins are outstanding sources of essential amino acids (i.e. amino acids that must be obtained in the diet because the body cannot make them using other amino acids), and easy to digest. It is a complete protein that contains all 20 amino acids and all nine essential amino acids (phenylalanine, valine, threonine, tryptophan, methionine, leucine, isoleucine, lysine, and histidine).
Milk proteins have been classified into casein (phosphorus-containing proteins) consisting of about 76-80% of the total milk proteins, which is considered significant as technological point of view and the serum proteins, comprising roughly 20-24%, has valued as Immune power. Serum proteins and whey proteins are generally similar but technically difference is that, whey protein containing k casein fractions found in whey a byproduct separated with k casein fractions during cheese manufacturing and has unique nutritional status. Serum proteins are naturally a mixture of beta-lactoglobulin (~65%), alpha-lactalbumin (~25%), bovine serum albumin (~8%) and immunoglobulins.
A mammary epithelial cell of animal udders is a place where milk components are synthesized and large quantities of blood flow through the udder. One liter of milk is obtained, when 800-900 L blood moves around the myoepithelial cells. Major milk proteins, caseins, α-lactalbumin and ß-lactoglobulin are synthesized in myoepithelial cells of mammary glands and are only produced by this, whereas milk immunoglobulin and serum albumin are absorbed from the blood. Moreover a limited amount of immunoglobulin is synthesized by lymphocytes which exist in the mammary tissue (called plasma cells).
Milk Serum proteins may have anti-inflammatory or anti-cancer properties. If we talk about human health then potential effects of these proteins are of great interest and are currently being explored as a way of reducing disease risk, as well as a possible additional treatment for several diseases. According to recent researches, it serves as a functional food in controlling the conditions such as hepatitis B, cancer, cardiovascular disease, HIV, osteoporosis and even chronic stress.
Research on whey protein concentrate is opening up a new window for researchers by discovering relationship among cancerous cells, glutathione (GSH) and whey protein. High concentrations of sulphur-containing amino acids (cysteine and methionine) in whey proteins are leading to enhance immune function through intracellular conversion to glutathione1. The role of glutathione is as antioxidant that protects the body against some toxins and free radical damage. Animal studies have proved anticancer potential of whey proteins, believed to derive mainly from the antioxidant, detoxifying and immune enhancing effects of Glutathione. And lactoferrin has also preventive effects on hepatitis C and B viruses. In vitro study results have also been showing inhibition of growth of cancer cells in human breast after treating with the Protein Bovine serum albumin (BSA).
Whey can be used for Nutritional Therapy by health professions with purpose as gastrointestinal supporters. Whey protein is quickly digested; make it ideal to help in refueling recovering muscles immediately before and after work. It is not recommended for consumption during rest time when body normally goes without food for hours. During sleeping hours, protein in slow digestion is more favorable to muscle repair and re-growth and casein may serve this purpose as it is slow absorbing protein that takes 3-4 hours to reach peak levels in blood amino acids and protein synthesis, and 7 hours to become fully absorbed. Casein also makes body feel less full than whey and it offers a great, between-meal protein snack.
Serum proteins takes less time for absorption but not fully digested and some of the intact proteins particularly ß-lactoglobulin may stimulate a localized intestinal or a systemic immune response referred to as milk protein allergy.
It’s true, God has blessed humans with many gifts of nature and one of those gifts is “Milk.” After reviewing plethora of scientific studies it is concluded that properties naturally present in milk have made it a complete diet for everyone regardless of age and gender.
– Department of food science and technology, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan

Friday, April 11, 2014

Islamic Development Bank (IDB) is likely to invest 264 million dollar for procurement of Locomotives and doubling of Track.
Government of Japan through Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) has also shown interest to revitalization of Karachi Circular Railway (KCR) at an estimated cost of 2.6 billion dollar.
Pakistan and China had also signed an MoU for construction of China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC), said an official of PR while talking to APP.
Up-gradation of existing railway track from Karachi to Peshawar via Rohri, Multan, Sahiwal, Lahore, Rawalpindi would be part of MoU.
Under the agreement, development of Dry Port and Cargo handling facilities at Havelian would be made operational.
The whole investment will be dealt as a soft loan on mutually agreed terms and conditions and contracts will be awarded through open bidding in accordance with Public Procurement Rules.

Wednesday, April 9, 2014

Public health Awareness campaign launched against lung diseases Multan

0.2 out 15 million in the area suffer from some kind of lung disease.
MULTAN:  An awareness campaign has been launched about lung diseases by the Bakhtawar Amin Memorial Trust Hospital against tuberculosis and asthma in Multan.
The hospital’s general manager, Chaudhary Younus, told  that the military police and traffic police had launched a traffic awareness week in Multan and the hospital hoped to take advantage of the time to launch a campaign against lung diseases caused by traffic and industrial pollution.
Younas said the purpose was to curb lung diseases in Multan division, including Khanewal, Lodhran and Vehari and Multan. Younas said the easiest way to create awareness among the general public would be through the traffic awareness campaign.
He said they were organising 60 walks in various parts of the city, and that the department of lung diseases would monitor the city-wide campaign.
The hospital’s chairman, Mian Rasheed Ahmed told that according to their research department, the number of patients with lung and throat diseases had been increasing in due to pollution. He said in a population of 15 million in the division, 0.2 million suffered from some kind of lung disease.
He said he had invited around 100 industrialists in Multan to the awareness walk as well.
Dr Muhammad Tayyab, head of the throat and lung diseases department, led the walk on Tuesday with 90 doctors.
They went from shop to shop in various urban areas and informed people about lung-care and ways to prevent tuberculosis.
Ahmed said that the hospital would be providing free medicines for tuberculosis and inhalers at camps organised across the city. Free check-ups will be provided by the team of doctors volunteering for the drive. Free spirometry test will be conducted to check for asthma, especially among daily wage workers.
The campaign will continue for two weeks.

The MINAR Multan will have a new Gamma camera

MINAR to have new Gamma camera by May end

MULTAN - The Multan Institute of Nuclear Medicine and Radiotherapy (MINAR) will have a new Gamma camera - a device use to image gamma radiation emitting radioisotopes, a technique known as scintigraphy by end of next month.
MINAR Director Dr Durr-e-Sabih told this agency on Tuesday that they had already two cameras which had gone old and added that they would get a new one by end of May.
He said that they would make the camera functional by the first week of June which would help them improving the services delivery to the patients.
The commission had purchased 10 Gamma cameras out of which they would get one, Dr Sabih added.
The MINAR Director hoped that the new facility would cut short the long waiting list for the oncology patients.   
It is pertinent to mention here that the applications of scintigraphy include early drug development and nuclear medical imaging to view and analyse images of the human body or the distribution of medically injected, inhaled, or ingested radionuclide’s emitting gamma rays.